Indian Culture

Naming

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  • Indian names vary based upon religion and region within the country.
  • Hindu names generally have a personal name, middle name and a family name (e.g. Sanjay Lal VASANI). Sometimes a Hindu family name may indicate caste and a person may drop their last name to reject the caste system (e.g. Sanjay Lal).
  • Sometimes when women marry, they omit their father’s initial and adopt their husband’s first name as their surname (e.g. Nita SANJAY). However, it is also common for women to adopt their husband’s family name (e.g. Nita VASANI).
  • Many Indian names do not include a surname. The initial of the father’s name is placed before their first name (e.g. N. Kumar). When addressed formally, the name is written as ‘s/o N. Kumar’. ‘S/o’ means ‘son of’, while ‘d/o’ is used for females and means ‘daughter of’.
India
  • Population
    1,266,883,598
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Hindi (41.03%)
    Bengali (8.11%)
    Telugu (7.19%
    Marathi (6.99%)
    Tamil (5.91%)
    Urdu (5.01%)
    Gurjarati (4.48%)
    Kannada (3.69%)
    Malayalam (3.21%)
    Odia (3.21%)
    Punjabi (2.83%)
    Other (8%)
    [2001 census]
  • Religions
    Hinduism (79.8%)
    Islam (14.2%)
    Christianity (2.3%)
    Sikhism (1.7%)
    Buddhism (0.7%)
    Jainism (0.37%)
    Other (0.66%)
    [2011 est.]
  • Ethnicities
    Ancestral North Indians [Indo-Aryan] (72%)
    Ancestral South Indians [Dravidian] (25%)
    Other (3%)
    [2000 est.]
  • Cultural Dimensions
    Power Distance 77
    Individualism 48
    Masculinity 56
    Uncertainty Avoidance 40
    Long Term Orientation 51
    Indulgence 26
    What's this?
  • Australians with Indian Ancestry
    619,164 [2016 census]
Indians in Australia
  • Population
    455,389
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in India.
  • Average Age
    31
  • Gender
    Male (55.6%)
    Female (44.4%)
  • Religion
    Hinduism (47.3%)
    Sikhism (18.7%)
    Catholic Christianity (16.3%)
    Islam (3.4%)
    Other (14.2%)
  • Ancestry
    Indian (75.1%)
    English (7.35%)
    Punjabi (2.6%)
    Anglo-Indian (2.3%)
    Other (12.7%)
  • Languages
    English (21.3%)
    Hindi (20%)
    Punjabi (19.3%)
    Gujarati (8.8%)
    Other (30.6%)
  • English Proficiency
    93.3% Well
    5.3% Not well
  • Diaspora
    Victoria (37.8%)
    New South Wales (32.3%)
    Queensland (10.2%)
    Western Australia (10.1%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (27.2%)
    2001-2006 (24.2%)
    2007-2011 (45.2%)
Where do we get our statistics?
Country IN Flag