Hong Kong Culture

Religion

play_circle_filled
A majority of the population identified with 'Chinese Folk Religions' (49%). Of the remaining population, 21.3% of Hong Kong is Buddhist, 14.2% is Taoist, 11.8% is Christian and 3.7% identified with 'Other'. Smaller numbers of the population are Hindu, Sikh and Jewish. Hong Kongers have more religious freedom than their close neighbours in China. However, in a 2014 survey conducted by the Gallup Poll, 75.55% of Hong Kongers said that religion was not important to their daily lives.

The 2011 Census recorded that, of those born in Hong Kong living in Australia, 44.8% were non-religious, 14.9% were Catholic Christians, 10.3% were Buddhist, 7.2% were Baptist Christians, and 22.8% affiliated with some other religion.

It should be noted that some Chinese Hong Kongers practice traditional Asian philosophies such as Confucianism, but these are not always considered to be ‘religions’ (as defined in surveys). They are more commonly perceived as a way of viewing life that can coexist with other religions—such as Buddhism. Many people (including those who identify as non-religious) have some affiliation or understanding of traditional Asian philosophies, as the tenets and values of these belief systems still tend to have a strong influence on social behaviours and practices.

Traditional Chinese Philosophies
Confucianism is a guiding philosophy that puts emphasis on the importance of healthy human relationships. It promotes the idea that relationships between people are unequal and that everyone should have defined hierarchical roles (for example, ruler and subject, husband and wife, father and son). It teaches that when this natural inequality is accepted and respected, it becomes easier to maintain harmonious, stable relations between individuals and, therefore, in society as a whole.

Taoism
Taoism is a religion of cultivation and can be confusing to understand as ‘the Tao’ itself is indescribable and left to one's own interpretation. It is associated with pantheism, the belief that everything composing reality is divine. Essentially, Taoism is the perception of the universe as a reality in which everything in existence is connected. It emphasises a deep connection between nature and self-development. The  Taoist concept most familiar to Westerners is that of of Yin and Yang, which holds that the world is full of opposites, unified in how they complement one another (e.g. light and dark, high and low, etc.). There are no gods in Taoism, but it is a logic that can be polytheistic and therefore allows the gods of other religions to intertwine. Many spirits (different from gods) are worshiped, representing mountains, rivers, or even gates and cooking stoves. Some important historical figures are believed to have become spirits in their afterlives (e.g. Guan Yu). Common Taoist practices are meditation, fortune telling, Feng Shui, Tai Chi and the reading and chanting of scriptures. Today, however, Tai Chi can be associated with a form of exercise rather than a religious practice.
Hong Kong
  • Population
    7,167,403
    [July 2016 est.]
  • Languages
    Cantonese [official] (88.9%)
    English [official] (4.3%)
    Mandarin [official] (1.9%)
    Other Chinese Dialects (3.1%)
    Other (1.9%)
    [2016 census]
  • Religions
    Chinese Folk Religion (49%)
    Buddhism (21.3%)
    Taosim (14.2%)
    Protestant Christianity (6.8%)
    Catholic Christianity (5%)
    Other (3.7%)
  • Ethnicities
    Chinese (92%)
    Filipino (2.5%)
    Indonesian (2.1%)
    Other (3.4%)
    [2016 census]
  • Cultural Dimensions
    Power Distance 68
    Individualism 25
    Masculinity 57
    Uncertainty Avoidance 29
    Long Term Orientation 61
    Indulgence 17
    What's this?
  • Australians with Chinese Ancestry
    1,213,903 [2016 census]
Hong Kongers in Australia
  • Population
    86,886
    [2016 census]
    This figure refers to the number of Australian residents that were born in Hong Kong.
  • Average Age
    39
  • Gender
    Male (47.7%)
    Female (52.3%)
  • Religion
    No Religion (44.8%)
    Catholic Christianity (14.9%)
    Buddhism (10.3%)
    Baptist Christianity (7.2%)
    Other (22.8%)
  • Ancestry
    Chinese (84.3%)
    English (5.4%)
    Australian (3%)
    Vietnamese (1.2%)
    Other (6.2%)
  • Languages
    Cantonese (82.8%)
    English (12.5%)
    Mandarin (1.8%)
    Vietnamese (1.2%)
    Other (1.7%)
  • English Proficiency
    Well (85.4%)
    Not Well (13.9%)
  • Diaspora
    New South Wales (51.5%)
    Victoria (24.3%)
    Queensland (11.6%)
    Western Australia (6.3%)
  • Arrival to Australia
    Prior to 2001 (70.9%)
    2001-2006 (12.6%)
    2007-2011 (13.2%)
Where do we get our statistics?
Country HK Flag